Bixby-NIH Nigeria Research Center
The Bixby Center at University of California, Berkeley & Ahmadu Bello University
Working with the Ahmadu Bello University we are conducting community-based research leading to innovative approaches to the prevention of maternal mortality and morbidity, including high fertility as it affects maternal health. We are working in five partnering communities in the Zaria, Northern Nigeria area.
The Population and Reproductive Health Partnership is a 5-year collaboration between Ahmadu Bello University and the Bixby Center, funded by the National Institutes of Health and Fogarty International Center in 2006.
Ahmadu Bello University (ABU) is the premier university in northern Nigeria, with a medical school, teaching hospital, and a large number of linked research institutions.
Why Northern Nigeria?
Nigeria, with a population of approximately 140 million in 2006, is the most populous country in Africa. Despite the country’s enormous oil wealth, poverty is acute and widespread. Moreover, the country has some of the worst social indicators in the world: 1 in 5 children dies before the age of 5; 7 million children are not in school and the maternal mortality ratio in the northern states is among the highest in the world, 1,026 to 1,549 maternal deaths for every 100,000 births.
Population and Reproductive Health Partnership Research Programs
- Demographic Survey of Three Communities in Zaria, Nigeria
- Exploratory Ethnographic Research
- Verbal Autopsies
- Assessment of Emergency Obstetric Care
- Community-Based Surveillance of Maternal and Child Health
- Delegating Essential Reproductive Health Tasks to the Most Appropriate Level
The results of PRHP’s multidisciplinary formative research have been presented to the community in the form of dramas and colorful poster boards. The results and community feedback are being used to develop strategies to prevent maternal mortality, and operations research is being conducted to evaluate their effectiveness.
Strategies to Prevent Maternal Mortality
- Partnerships with Local Hospitals to Improve the Quality of Emergency Obstetric Care (Funded by the Blum Center for Developing Economies; Stachel, Perlman, Potts Co-PIs)
- Community-Based Management of Postpartum Hemorrhage (Funded by Venture Strategies for Health and Development; Prata & Ejembi, Co-PIs)
- Promoting Girls’ Education in Northern Nigeria (Funded by the David and Lucille Packard Foundation; Perlman & Abdulkarim, PIs)
- Mobilizing Intergenerational Relationships to Reduce Maternal Mortality in Northern Nigeria (Krishnan and Perlman, PIs)