The Center for Global Public Health established its annual graduate student research fellowships in 2008 to provide experiential learning for Berkeley students who are interested in global public health. This year, eight to ten research fellowships in the amount of $3,000-$5,000 will be awarded to qualified students who are selected, via a competitive evaluation process, to support 8-12 weeks of international travel and research activities in summer 2018.
The project must take place at an approved faculty research site in a low- to middle-income country (LMIC). These sites are often long-term field study sites of UC Berkeley and/or UC San Francisco (UCSF) faculty members. The student’s primary supervisor can be their on-site field supervisor for the proposed research, but students must also have a direct faculty supervisor from UC Berkeley or UCSF who will help oversee their work and provide a letter of support and has signed the affiliation agreement with the CGPH. The CGPH welcomes proposed research projects in all public health disciplines.
Deadline: January 26, 2018
Edited by: Ndola Prata, Paula Tavrow, and Ushma Upadhyay
Published: 8 November 2017
The link to the supplement is permanently accessible via the Supplements link on the article page of the journal website.
Empowerment is widely acknowledged as a process by which those who have been disempowered are able to increase their self-efficacy, make life-enhancing decisions, and obtain control over resources [1, 2, 3]. In addition, empowerment is multi-dimensional – a woman may be empowered in one dimension or sphere (such as financial) but not in another (such as in sexual and reproductive decision-making). Most countries now recognize the importance for girls and women to become more empowered, both as a goal in itself, as well as to achieve a more gender equitable society . More recently, researchers have been assessing the contexts and mechanisms by which empowerment directly or indirectly affects various aspects of women’s health [5, 6, 7]. A better understanding of the situations where greater empowerment is associated with improved health outcomes can assist policymakers in planning and prioritizing their investments.
Although associations between women’s empowerment and some aspects of their health, such as fertility and contraception, have been studied fairly extensively and seem to be mostly positive [6, 8, 9], the relationship between women’s empowerment and pregnancy or childbirth, including abortion, has not received sufficient attention. Moreover, empowerment measures still need to be critically evaluated [10, 11] and to encompass a range of potential empowerment domains – psychological, social, political, economic and legal [8, 9, 12, 13]. The purpose of this special issue in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth is to bring a multidisciplinary lens and varied methodologies to the central question of how women’s empowerment relates to pregnancy and childbirth. By highlighting women’s health concerns, rights, and empowerment, this special issue aims to catalyze societal-level changes that will yield sustainable improvements in health and well-being for women on a global scale.
This special issue is sponsored by the Women’s Health, Gender, and Empowerment Center of Expertise (COE), a part of the University of California Global Health Institute. The COE is comprised of faculty, staff and students from across the campuses of the University of California, along with practitioners and international partners. The COE promotes research, education, and community engagement at the intersection of health and empowerment in the US and globally. Collectively, it represents a wide variety of disciplines and approaches to improving women’s health and empowerment.
In the fall of 2015, the COE put out an open call for long abstracts from multiple disciplines on the role of women’s empowerment on pregnancy and childbirth. We received a total of 52 submissions, which were evaluated by all managing editors using several criteria, including strength of the empowerment construct, methodology, clarity, significance, innovation, and suitability for the supplement. The top 16 submissions were invited to submit full papers. All selected articles included a construct that is conceptualized as women’s empowerment, defined broadly. To further develop and share ideas concerning the articles for this issue, the COE conducted a one-day research workshop, which was partially funded by the National Institutes of Health, National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, Clinical and Translational Science Institute (NIH NCATS UCLA CTSI Grant Number UL1TR000124). Members of the COE submitting full papers had the opportunity to give an oral presentation presenting their study’s aims and methods, receive feedback and guidance on how to improve their study’s conceptualization, hear about other scholars’ work for this special issue, and network with others interested in these topics. A total of 12 papers successfully went through peer review and were accepted for this special issue .
The 12 studies included in this special issue apply methodologies from different disciplines – anthropology, sociology, law, demography, and public health – to provide empirical data on an aspect of women’s empowerment during a critical period of the reproductive life-course. The authors were also asked to discuss how their research results could affect future policies and programs. We have grouped the articles into three main subject areas, namely (1) fertility, family planning, and abortion; (2) antenatal care, delivery, and the perinatal period; and (3) maternal health and mortality.
Tuesday, October 31 2017 at 10:30 AM – 12:00 PM
Ndola Prata – University of California, Berkeley
Susheela Singh – Guttmacher Institute
For more information: http://ipc2017capetown.iussp.org/
Engaging Men in Family Planning: Perspectives from Married Men in Lomé, Togo
October 30th, 2017 at 3:45 PM – 4:00 PM
Although family planning activities have made vast progress in many regions of sub-Saharan Africa in the last decade, lack of male engagement in many of these interventions has resulted in disappointing outcomes. Few studies have examined attitudes of male involvement in family planning from the perspective of men themselves; this evidence is necessary for development of successful family planning projects that include men. This study explored attitudes of men through six focus groups in urban Lomé, with each focus group including ten to twelve urban, married men. Among the themes that emerged from the focus groups are explanations for positive or negative views on family planning, the role of gender when deciding on family size, the role of men in contraceptive decision making, and perceived barriers to male involvement in family planning. Togolese men’s views can be grouped into three categories: complete acceptance of family planning, acceptance with reservation, and complete rejection. This finding suggests that the level of male engagement in family planning projects will depend on men’s knowledge, understanding, and trust in the information available to them. Future attempts to address these challenges should pay specific attention to men’s concerns, misconceptions, and their roles in family decision making.
- Paul Blewessi – CERA
- Karen Weidert – University of California, Berkeley
- Kpeglo Kokou
- Ouro Bitasse Erakalaza
- Adjoko Mensah
- Jacques Emina – University of Kinshasa, Department of Population and Development Studies
- Sheila Mensah – U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)
- Annette Bonjovani
- Ndola Prata – University of California, Berkeley
For more information: http://ipc2017capetown.iussp.org/
On September 13th, the world celebrates Bump Day, highlighting the joy of healthy pregnancies, moms, and babies, and also the need for increased access to healthcare for women worldwide. As we take a moment to celebrate how much we have achieved, let us also consider the current state of women’s health globally and the areas in which increased investment can make the most difference.
The Population Association of America (PAA) is a nonprofit, scientific, professional organization established to promote the improvement, advancement and progress of the human race through research of problems related to human population.
PAA members include demographers, sociologists, economists, public health professionals, and other individuals interested in research and education in the population field.
PAA membership has grown to 3,000 reflecting professional interest in the population field. Members receive Demography, the bi-monthly journal of the Association, and PAA Affairs, the quarterly on-line newsletter.
The Population Association of America Conference 2017 will be held in Chicago, IL from April 27 – 29th.
229 Maternal Health and Mortality
DISCUSSANT: Ndola Prata, University of California, Berkeley
CHAIR: Saifuddin Ahmed, Johns Hopkins University
Topic 4. Health and Mortality
10:45 am–12:15 pm — Waldorf Room
- 229-1 Timing and Correlates of Pregnancy-Related Death: Evidence From Sub-Saharan Africa
- Leena Merdad, King Abdulaziz University; Mohamed Mahmoud Ali, World Health Organization (WHO)
- 229-2 Development of a Tool to Measure Person-Centered Care During Labor and Delivery in Developing Settings: Validation in a Rural and an Urban Kenyan Population
- Patience A. Afulani, University of California, San Francisco; Nadia Diamond-Smith, University of California, San Francisco; May Sudhinaraset, University of California, San Francisco
- 229-3 A Decomposition of Trends in the Nonmarital Infant Mortality Ratios in the United States: 1983–2010
- Wen Fan, Boston College; Liying Luo, Pennsylvania State University
- 229-4 Maternal, Neonatal, and Stillbirth Deaths Caused by Decreased Utilization of Essential Maternal Healthcare in the Context of the 2014 Ebola Epidemic in Sierra Leone
- Laura Sochas, London School of Economics and Political Science; Andrew Channon, University of Southampton; Sara Nam, Options Consultancy Services
The University of California Global Health Institute’s Center of Expertise on Women’s Health, Gender and Empowerment is accepting proposals for UP TO $1,500 to support University of California undergraduate students pursuing unpaid internships/fellowships during the summer of 2017.
Women’s Health Gender & Empowerment COE
The Center of Expertise (COE) on Women’s Health, Gender and Empowerment is Center of the University of California Global Health Institute (http://ucghi.universityofcali
Mission: We envision a world in which all women and girls are empowered and healthy. Our mission is to promote justice, equity and scientific advances to reduce gender and health disparities globally. Grounded in human rights principles, our approach is interdisciplinary and transformative. Through innovative research, education and international collaboration, we build and strengthen the capacity of the next generation of leaders in women’s health and empowerment. Our core activities focus on assuring safe motherhood, reducing violence against women, improving access to family planning and reproductive technologies, advancing sexual and reproductive health and rights, preventing HIV/AIDS, and reducing environmental threats to women’s health.
Summer Internship/Fellowship: Our goal is to provide money to support undergraduate students to be involved in innovative research, programs and policy development activities in the areas of women’s health gender and empowerment, and who specifically investigate the intersection and interrelated nature of these three areas. Our aim is to allocate funds efficiently to the most meritorious proposals. We expect to fund nine proposals for summer research projects.
Timeline: The deadline for this call for small grant proposals is April 15, 2017 at 5 PM PST, but we will accept applications prior to this date. Proposals may request up to $1,500, to be spent by September 15, 2017, after which remaining funds revert to the COE.
Eligibility: The competition is open to undergraduate students only, at any of the UC campuses. Activities during the internship/fellowship must specifically be at the nexus of women’s health gender and empowerment. The internship/fellowship can be conducted domestically or internationally. Applicants must be enrolled at a UC campus for the following academic year (i.e., typically not seniors unless enrolling in a graduate program at one of the UC schools). 10 Awards prioritized 1 for each campus. Awardees are required to attend the COE’s annual retreat in winter 2017 and make a 5-minute presentation on their internship/project. Awardees will be matched with a COE mentor, based on the topic of their internship/project. The awardee will be expected to set up at least two meetings (in person or via telephone/Skype) with his/her COE mentor, to take place during the award period; and seek feedback from his/her COE mentor on the project presentation to be made at the annual retreat.
Application Format: Applicants should submit a two-page concept proposal that provides a brief background of the issue(s) to be addressed during the internship/fellowship and a description of the project aims, describes the activities to take place, summarizes the team’s (including the mentor’s) expertise, and gives a timeline. A budget synopsis should also be submitted (not counted against the two-page limit), as well as an updated resume. Additionally, the mentor from the sponsoring organization must submit a letter addressed to the committee describing the resources that will be made available to the intern, including mentorship and equipment. Funds can be used for paying a stipend for unpaid internships, purchasing project supplies, travel (international or domestic), and other reasonable expenses (but typically not for equipment).
Submit proposals by email to Chiao-Wen Lan, (email@example.com). The application material should be sent as one single word document. All proposals will be evaluated by a review committee made up of CoE members. Results will be announced by May 15, 2017.
Maggie Hobstetter, J.D., M.P.H., served as a Bixby Packard Fellow from 2012-2016, in a dual capacity as Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning Specialist with the Bixby Center and the David and Lucile Packard Foundation’s Population and Reproductive Health Program. Maggie’s research draws on her experience on the Thailand-Burma border, where she conducted research and managed reproductive health projects.
Summary: Women from Burma living in Thailand are generally unable to access safe abortion care—even for cases that clearly fall within the legal exceptions—because of a lack of knowledge of the Thai medical and legal systems, restrictions on travel and movement, the costs associated with the procedure, a dearth of culturally and linguistically compatible providers, and stigma. As a consequence, women from Burma on both sides of the border suffer significant reproductive health morbidities as a result of unsafe abortion. This context motivated the pilot project described in this report. We detail the three-year, collaborative effort by the Mae Tao Clinic in Mae Sot, Thailand, and a multidisciplinary team of North American reproductive health specialists to determine the feasibility of establishing a referral system for abortion care. We then present the outcomes of more than two dozen cases in which women from Burma who met the criteria for a safe, legal abortion were referred to a qualified and legal Thai providers.
To view the publication and pdf, please click here.