Tackling India’s HIV epidemic: lessons from Africa

Malcolm Potts
Julia Walsh

India stands on the brink of a major HIV epidemic. However, by examining where public health initiatives went wrong in Africa, the international community may be able to help India avoid the devastating effects seen in Africa

Published in BMJ, 6 21 2003, 326(7403):1389-92

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Gender and Relationship Differences in Condom Use Among 15-24-Year-Olds in Angola

Ndola Prata
Farnaz Vahidnia
Ashley Frase

CONTEXT: The sexual behavior of young people in Angola will play a major role in the future spread of HIV, yet few young people use condoms consistently, and reported rates of condom use are low. It is important to identify determinants of condom use among Angolan adolescents and young adults.

METHODS:Data for analysis came from 1,995 sexually experienced youth aged 15–24 who participated in a 2001 knowledge, attitudes and practices survey in Luanda, Angola. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of consistent condom use by gender and determinants of...

Cut to the chase: quickly achieving high coverage male circumcision

David Griffith
Benjamin Bellows
Malcolm Potts

This article argues that it is now high time to make MC available to the poor in countries with high HIV prevalence.

Published in Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2007 Jul;61(7):612

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Lime Juice as a candidate for microbicide? An open-label safety trial of 10% and 20% lime juice used vaginally

A Hemmerling
M Potts
J Walsh
B Young-Holt
K Whaley
D Stefanski

Objective: Lime has a long history as a contraceptive and vaginal hygiene douche, and ongoing use in Africa is documented. We report on the first safety study on diluted lime juice to assess its potential as a candidate microbicide. Methods: Twenty-five sexually abstinent women were randomly assigned to apply a 10% or 20% concentration of lime juice or 0% (water-only) through a soaked tampon once daily for 14 consecutive days. Tests for genital infections, measurement of inflammatory biomarkers, and a colposcopy were performed before and after treatment. Results: No participant showed...

Response to letters re: “Reassessing HIV Prevention,”


Science, 2008

This article is a response to letters sent in to Science regarding the article “Reassessing HIV Prevention” by Potts M, Halperin DT, Kirby D, Swidler A, Marseille E, Klausner JD, Hearst N, Wamai RG, Kahn JG, Walsh J. 2008 May 9;320(5877):749-50. 2008;

The authors argue, “Population-level disease control efforts must be evidence-based, culturally acceptable, and feasible...

If, when and how to tell: a qualitative study of HIV disclosure among young women in Zimbabwe

Sophia Zamudio-Haas
Imelda Mudekunye-Mahaka
Barrot H. Lambdin
Barrot H. Lambdin

In the Shona culture of Zimbabwe, a high regard for childbearing contributes to strong pressures on women to have children. For young women living with HIV, consequently, disclosure of HIV status can be a central strategy to garner support for controlling fertility. This paper reports findings from qualitative interviews with 28 young women aged 16–20 living with HIV in urban Zimbabwe and discusses how these findings can contribute to better policies and programs for this population. Regardless of their current relationship status, interview participants described disclosure as a turning...