Tackling India’s HIV epidemic: lessons from Africa

Malcolm Potts
Julia Walsh

India stands on the brink of a major HIV epidemic. However, by examining where public health initiatives went wrong in Africa, the international community may be able to help India avoid the devastating effects seen in Africa

Published in BMJ, 6 21 2003, 326(7403):1389-92

Download PDF, click here.

Are the population policies of India and China responsible for the fertility decline?

Nadia Diamond-Smith
Malcolm Potts

In the 1970s, policy-makers in both India and China, convinced that reducing population growth was critical for ending poverty, instituted coercive population policies. Yet fertility had already been declining in both countries before the population policies were instituted. In China, the total fertility rate (TFR) had already fallen to 2.9 before the institution of the One-Child Policy. In India, fertility continued to decline at roughly the same rate before, during and after ‘The Emergency’. Regardless of government mandates, couples in both countries before the policies and since have...