Gender and Relationship Differences in Condom Use Among 15-24-Year-Olds in Angola

Ndola Prata
Farnaz Vahidnia
Ashley Frase

CONTEXT: The sexual behavior of young people in Angola will play a major role in the future spread of HIV, yet few young people use condoms consistently, and reported rates of condom use are low. It is important to identify determinants of condom use among Angolan adolescents and young adults.

METHODS:Data for analysis came from 1,995 sexually experienced youth aged 15–24 who participated in a 2001 knowledge, attitudes and practices survey in Luanda, Angola. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of consistent condom use by gender and determinants of...

Tackling the unacceptable: Nigeria approves misoprostol for postpartum haemorrhage

Amy Jadesimi
Friday E Okonofua

This article discusses the approval of misoprostol in Nigeria for the prevention of postpartum hemorrhage in 2006.

Nigeria has 2% of the world’s population, but 10% of the global burden of maternal deaths – a statistic that is described by Nigeria’s president Olusegun Obasanjo as “unacceptable and must be reversed”. In January 2006, Nigeria took an important step towards reversing this tragic situation when the Nigerian National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control approved the distribution of misoprostol for the prevention or treatment of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH...

Global availability of misoprostol

M Campbell
M Holden

Misoprostol is registered as a gastric ulcer drug in many middle to high income countries; it is also used ‘off label’ in these same countries to prevent and control PPH. Its ease of administration and stability in tropical climates make it an ideal drug for use in home births, as well as with Active Management of the Third Stage of Labor (AMTSL) in any busy hospital.

Published in International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 94 (2) 2006, 151-152

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Preventing Postpartum Hemorrhage at the Community Level: A Compendium of Operations Research

Ndola Prata
Martine M. Holston

VSI in collaboration with local and international partner organizations conducted operations research (OR) across seven countries in Africa and Asia to determine the feasibility, acceptability, and program effectiveness of misoprostol use to prevent postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) at the community level. Developed for policy makers, stakeholders and researchers, the compendium includes an overview of the basic components of the OR model, country program summaries, and cross-cutting results and best practices to contribute to the growing evidence base on the community-level use of...

Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage in Northern Nigeria

UC Berkeley Bixby Center

Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) makes a significant contribution to the number of maternal deaths in Nigeria. This brief summarizes research demonstrating misoprostol is a safe and effective means to control PPH at home births in five communities in Northern Nigeria.

For the full technical report, click here.

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New global guidance supports community and lay health workers in postpartum hemorrhage prevention


VSI CEO, Pam Norick; Family Care International President, Ann Starrs; and Drs. Clara Ejembi (Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria) and Kasum Thapa (Jhpiego-Asia Region), published a commentary highlighting new global recommendations and case examples from Nigeria and Nepal that illustrate community engagement and empowerment as critical strategies in successful postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) programming with misoprostol.

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