Last year a member of the World Bank professional staff gave a lecture on development in Africa on the UC Berkeley campus. His audience asked him about rapid population growth in that continent. He immediately dismissed the question, saying that population growth did not need any special attention. It would look after itself. He was [...]Read More Download PDF
Bixby summer intern Rita Hamad explores the relationship between added household income and health and nutritional outcomes among women participating in microcredit services in Peru.Read More Download PDF
In 1957, along with many countries in Eastern Europe, Romania liberalised its abortion law. The Soviet model of birth control made surgical abortion easily available, but put restrictions on access to modern contraceptives, leading to an exceptionally high abortion rate. By the mid-1960s there were 1 100 000 abortions performed each year in Romania, a lifetime [...]Read More Download PDF
Chu, Brhlikova and Pollock's article suggests the WHO rethink its decision to include misoprostol on the Essential Medi- cines List. Their paper is a sad example of workers in an elite setting advocating policies with the potential to endanger the lives of thousands of vulnerable women in low-resource settings.
Published in Journal of the [...]
The largest absolute numbers of maternal deaths occur among the 40–50 million women who deliver annually without a skilled birth attendant. Most of these deaths occur in countries with a total fertility rate of greater than 4. The combination of global warming and rapid population growth in the Sahel and parts of the Middle East [...]Read More Download PDF
Background: The need for a concerted effort to address the gaps in family planning services for youth in sub-Saharan Africa has been underreported and underexplored.
Study Design: Trends in fertility, childbearing, unmet need for family planning options and contraceptive prevalence (CP) among youth are described with data from six African countries with four consecutive [...]
Training traditional birth attendants to use misoprostol and an absorbent delivery mat in home births
A 50-fold disparity in maternal mortality exists between high- and low-income countries, and in most contexts, the single most common cause of maternal death is postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). In Bangladesh, as in many other low-income countries, the majority of deliveries are conducted at home by traditional birth attendants (TBAs) or family members. In the absence [...]Read More Download PDF
In the Shona culture of Zimbabwe, a high regard for childbearing contributes to strong pressures on women to have children. For young women living with HIV, consequently, disclosure of HIV status can be a central strategy to garner support for controlling fertility. This paper reports findings from qualitative interviews with 28 young women aged 16–20 [...]Read More Download PDF
Distribution of Misoprostol at Antenatal Care Visits for the Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage in Ghana
This brief summarizes the final results from a collaborative project of the VSI/Ghana Health Service pilot program in Ghana to address maternal deaths due to postpartum hemorrhage. The results demonstrate that the distribution of misoprostol through antenatal care visits increased the number of women who received protection from postpartum hemorrhage and is a key opportunity to reach more mothers with safe motherhood messages and ultimately reduce maternal deaths.
For the full technical report, click here.
A pocket reference for clinicians, this Contraceptive Pocket Guide details the contraceptive methods that can be used after postabortion care services both with misoprostol and manual vacuum aspiration (MVA).Read More Download PDF